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Tuesday, 24 September 2013

What will happen if I fall in a Black Hole Purposefully- an Imaginary Experience- a Question Submitted to "Science Spot Light Live: FALLING INTO A BLACK HOLE"of The Kavali Foundation
 See at Your Question"
What will happen if I fall in a Black Hole Purposefully- an Immaginary experience
Professor Pranab akumar BhattacharyaMD(Cal.Univ.)  ;Mr. RupakBhattacharyaBsc(Cal.Univ)Msc ;MissUpasana Bhattacharya-Student- Only daughter of Prof. P.K. Bhattacharya; Mr.Ritwik Bhattacharya B.Com(cal.Univ), Miss Rupsa Bhattacharya, Mrs. Dalia Mukherjee BA(hons) Cal. Univ, Miss Oindrila Mukherjee  Bsc(HM) IGNOU Student and Mr. Debasis Mukherjee BSc(Cal.Univ)   of  Residence 7/51 Purbaplli; PO-Sodepur; Dist -24 Parganas(North) Kolkata-110;&Swamijinagar, South Habra,24 Parganas(north); West Bengal; India

What is a Black Hole?

A black hole is a place in space-time, where gravity is so  extremely high and  it pulls so much that even light particles(boson particle ) can not get out of it. The gravity is so strong there, because total matter has been squeezed into a tiny space. This Black hole may happen when a star is dying. A Black hole may be consequence of Neutron star merger or neutron star black hole merger or a type 1B supernova. The black hole may have a thick geometrical disk typically have a mass inside 100kelometers several tenths of solar Mass. At it inner edge the disk is also thick to its own neutrino emission. In a region 30Km across interior to disk, along its axis of rotation, a pair of fire ball develop nd exist by way of neutrino annihilation and electron neutrino scattering. Extensive baryonic mass loss occurs from the disk and gamma rays burst occur.
Because no light can get out from the inner place of black hole
( However  Prof SW Hawkings FRS told that Black hole also emits radiation and is thus not totally black. In the classical theory black holes can only absorb and not emit particles. However it is shown that quantum mechanical effects cause black holes to create and emit particles as if they were hot bodies with temperature 2πk10−6(MM)K where κ is the surface gravity of the black hole. This thermal emission leads to a slow decrease in the mass of the black hole and to its eventual disappearance: any primordial black hole of mass less than about 1015 g would have evaporated by now. Although these quantum effects violate the classical law that the area of the event horizon of a black hole cannot decrease, there remains a Generalized Second Law:S+1/4A never decreases whereS is the entropy of matter outside black holes andA is the sum of the surface areas of the event horizons. This shows that gravitational collapse converts the baryons and leptons in the collapsing body into entropy. It is tempting to speculate that this might be the reason why the Universe contains so much entropy per baryon- S. W. Hawking Particle creation by black holes25. VIII. 1975, Volume 43, Issue 3, pp 199-220 Communications in Mathematical Physics ), people can't see black holes. They remain invisible. can see how stars that are very close to black holes act differently than other.Like various monsters, we can see black holes are of different sizes and shapes. Astronomers measure this using something known as the Schwarzschild radius. That radius describes the size of the event horizon, the spherical boundary of a black hole. The greater the object's mass, the larger its event horizon and the larger it’s radius. Regardless of how massive it is, a black hole's center point is what astronomers call a singularity -- a place where matter is infinitely dense.  The Black Hole can be as tiny even as an atom is or may be larger  or largest .The largest black holes are called "supermassive black hole." These black holes have masses that are more than 1 million suns together. Scientists have found proof that every large galaxy contains a supermassive black hole at its centre- like ours Milky ways. The super massive black hole at the centre of the Milky Way galaxy is called Sagittarius A [Sgr A Westand Sgr A East] (. It has a mass equal to about 4 million suns and would fit inside a very large ball that could hold a few million Earths. A significant number of galaxies have yielded evidence for central dark objects with masses ∼106–109 M⊙, which can be plausibly interpreted as massive Black Holes. And Black holes are radio loud due to magnetic accretion of matter & radio sources depend directly on Black Hole mass .  Active Galactic Nucleus (AGN) are  Luminous & radio luminosity and optical bulge luminosity (mass) and depends between bulge luminosity (mass) and Black Hole mass.

Let' me suppose today that I get into my spaceship and point it straight towards the million-solar-mass black hole in the centre of our galaxy. (Actually, there may be some debate about whether our galaxy contains at all a central black hole, but let me assume it does for this moment.) Starting from a long way away from the black hole, I just turn off my rockets and coast in. What happens then?When an object falls through a horizon of a black hole, where does it go? This question leads to vexing paradoxes. But perhaps the situation may be similar to the early days of quantum mechanics, when classical intuition gave questions with no resolution. In this letter, I take a simple explicit model of a black hole in string theory. I note that gravitational systems have a dual description in terms of a field theory.  Using the field theory dual we  can find that the notion of space–time itself breaks down behind the horizon A test particle when falling onto a classical black hole  it crosses the event horizon and ends up in the singularity within finite eigentime. In the "more realistic" case of a "classical" evaporating black hole, an observer falling onto a black hole observes a sudden evaporation of the hole.

 Does we move to another universe while travelling through black hole?
A real Black hole will never be precisely non-rotating and electrically neutral. The problem arises  when Einstein's field equations of general relativity describing black holes which can rotate and/or carry electric charge. The solutions are novel in that they may be analytically continued through the black hole interior in a time-like direction into a succession of asymptotically flat space-time regions that are inaccessible in the space-time region in which the black hole first formed. There has been speculation about whether matter could travel through such black holes into these ‘other universes’. As real black holes will never be precisely non-rotating and electrically neutral, it is of interest to determine whether such a transfer of matter from one universe to another is possible. If it were, it might imply the possibility of matter appearing explosively in our region of space-time through white holes. The exact solutions of interest are suspect because they are idealised. For example, they exclude the effects of matter surrounding the hole, and quantum processes. It has been suggested that the interior of the idealised black hole might be smashed in a more realistic model by unbounded blue shift effects associated with classical matter falling along the so-called inner horizon. In this way the space bridge would be destroyed by back reaction of the gravitational field due to the energetic matter. quantum vacuum effects, similar in origin to the attraction energy between two electrically neutral conducting plates (Casimir effect), also cause an unbounded back-reaction which will smash the idealised interior geometry, even if no actual matter were falling into theblack hole. I do not speculate whether other analytically extendible space-times exist which these quantum processes leave topologically unmodified, but demonstrate that the models which have been explicitly advanced to date cannot be taken seriously as space bridges
 When falling down through black hole at first,  I shall not feelany gravitational forces at all. Since  Iam  in a  free fall, every part of my body and my spaceship will be pulled in the same way, and so I am feel weight less. (This is exactly the same thing that happens to astronauts in Earth orbit: even though both astronauts and space shuttle are being pulled by the Earth's gravity, they don't feel any gravitational force because everything is being pulled in exactly the same way.) As I am  get closer and closer to the center of the hole, though, I shall start to feel "tidal" gravitational forces. Imagine that your feet are closer to the center than your head. The gravitational pull gets stronger as I get closer to the center of the hole, so my feet feel a stronger pull than my head does. As a result I shall feel "stretched." (This force is called a tidal force because it is exactly like the forces that cause tides on earth.) These tidal forces get more and more intense as I get closer to the center, and eventually they will rip  me apart.
For a very large black hole like the one I am falling into, the tidal forces are not really noticeable until i shall get within about 600,000 kilometers of the center. Note that this is after I have crossed the horizon. If I am falling into a smaller black hole, say one that weighed as much as the Sun, tidal forces would start to make me  quite uncomfortable when  I shall be about 6000 kilometers away from the center, and  I  shall  have been torn apart by them long before I cross the horizon. (That's why the scientist decided to let one jump into a big black hole instead of a small one: we wanted you to survive at least until you got inside.)
What do I see as I am falling in? Surprisingly, I may mot necessarily see anything particularly  any interesting. Images of faraway objects may be distorted in strange ways, since the black hole's gravity will  bend light, but that's about it. In particular, nothing special happens at the moment when  I shall cross the horizon. Even after  I shall  cross the horizon, I can still see things on the outside: after all, the light from the things on the outside can still reach to me. No one on the outside however can see me, of course, since the light from me can't escape past the horizon.
How long does the whole process take? Well, of course, it depends on how far away I start from. Let's say I start at rest from a point whose distance from the singularity is ten times the black hole's radius. Then for a million-solar-mass black hole, it takes me about 8 minutes to reach the horizon. Once I  got that far, it takes me  only another seven seconds to hit the singularity. By the way, this time scales with the size of the black hole, so if  I jump into a smaller black hole, my time of death would be that much sooner.
Once I cross the horizon, in my remaining seven seconds, I must be enough panic and start to fire my rockets in a desperate attempt to avoid the black hole singularity. Unfortunately, it becomes  hopeless, since the singularity  will lie in my future, and there will be no way to avoid  my future. In fact, the harder I try to fire my rockets, the sooner I shall hit the singularity. So in that case, It's best just to sit back and enjoy the ride

108 CR Avenue Kolkata-73; West Bengal India

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Thursday, 19 September 2013

Invitation to Prof. Pranab Kumar Bhattacharya & Miss Upasana Bhattacharya at Nobel Week Dialogue 9th December-2013 to attain at Guetenberg

Booking confirmation

Many thanks for registering & to view the 2013 Nobel Week Dialogue online on 9 December 2013.
An e-mail reminder will be sent to you at the end of October so you may choose one of three afternoon 
streams to view online, and participate in via email or twitter. we have gone your topic of discussion posted at
 facebook of Nobel week dialogue. Yours Booking nos are so given bellow
We will be updating the Nobel Week Dialogue website continually with more detailed information about the live
 streams going out on 9 December, and encourage you to visit the website and Panellists' page.
Wherever you are in the world, you can now take your seat at the 2013 Nobel Week Dialogue by hopingly & 
actively participating online or in person !
Best regards
The Nobel Week Dialogue Team


2013 Nobel Week Dialogue Gothenburg, Sweden
Professor Pranab Kumar Bhattacharya
 Seat Booking No.3535206
NameProfessor Pranab Kumar Bhattacharya
Please indicate which category best describes youGovernment, Professor at Post Graduate MedicalTertiary care Hospital &
Research Institution of Unique catagory
Company / organizationSchool of Tropical Medicine, Kolkata,
108 Chittaranjan Avenue, Kolkata-73; West Bengal; India
Job titleProfessor and Head Department of Pathology,
Member of Board of Studies  West Bengal
 University of Health Sciences
Mobile+91 9231510435
Nobel weekdialogue. org websiteyes website                                   
See professor Pranab Kumar Bhattacharya's Question on 2013 Nobel Week Dialogue on Antimatter as future energy

Miss Upasana Bhattacharya
 Seat Booking No.3535207
NameMiss Upasana Bhattacharya -
Daughter of Prof.P.K Bhattacharya
Please indicate which category best describes youStudent
Company / organizationWeland Gould Smith School, Patuli, Garia Kolkata, India
Job titleStudent
Press Releaseyes
See professor Pranab Kumar Bhattacharya's & Miss Upasana
Bhattacharya's  Question& on 2013 Nobel Week Dialogue on Antimatter

Wednesday, 4 September 2013

Prof. Pranab Kumar Bhattacharya asNominator of The KAVLI PRIZE-2014 From JIM COHEN

Kavli Prize logo big

Nominations Can Be Submitted Through December 1
September 3, 2013 - The 2014 Kavli Prize call for nominations has been opened by The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. The Academy will receive nominations through December 1, 2013. Complete nomination information, including an online form, is available at
Science prizes for the 21st century, the Kavli Prizes recognize scientists for their seminal advances in astrophysics, nanoscience and neuroscience. Consisting of a scroll, medal and cash award of one million dollars, a prize in each of these scientific areas has been awarded every two years since 2008. The 2014 laureates will be announced next year, with the medals to be awarded during a ceremony in Oslo, Norway.
The Kavli Prizes are a partnership between The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, The Kavli Foundation (U.S.) and the Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research. Independent of The Kavli Foundation, prize recipients are chosen by three committees comprised of distinguished international scientists recommended by the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the French Academy of Sciences, the Max Planck Society (Germany), the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, The National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) and The Royal Society (U.K.). After making their selection for prize recipients, the recommendations of these prize committees are confirmed by The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters.

For more information about the call for nominations, please contact Eirik Lislerud.
Phone: +47 22123640


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