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Tuesday, 26 May 2015

How much possibility of Civilized Extra Terrestrial life in other Exo planets in R R Ddaniel's Book' book concept of space science and by author Max jammer

How much possibility of Civilized Extra Terrestrial life in other Exo planets?
*Professor Pranab kumar Bhattacharya- MD(cal) FIC Path(Ind), Professor & Head of Department of Pathology
, Calcutta school of Tropical Medicine; C.R Avenue Kolkata-73; West Bengal, India, * Miss Upasana Bhattacharya- Student, Mahamayatala, Garia, kol-86,daughter of Prof. PK Bhattacharya ** Mr. Rupak Bhattacharya-Bsc(cal), Msc(JU), **Mr.Ritwik Bhattacharya,** Miss Rupsa Bhattacharya , **Mr. Soumyak Bhattacharya BHM of residence 7/51 Purbapalli, Sodepur, Dist 24 Parganas(north) ,Kolkata-110,WestBengal, India *** Mrs. Dalia Mukherjee BA (hons) Cal, ***Miss Aindrila Mukherjee- Student, Mr Debasis Mukherjee BSC(cal) of Swamiji Road, South Habra, 24 Parganas(north), West Bengal, India, Dr. Tarun Biswas MBBS(cal) Demonstrator,Pathology, IPGME&R, Kolkata-20, Dr. Hriday Ranjan Das MD(cal), DTM&H(cal), Dept of Nephrology, IPGME&R, 244a AJC Bose Road
Alien life forms are generally regarded as the stuff of science fiction and fantasy and subject for/ from the movies by several times Oscar winner Hollywood director Steven Spielberg. But both SETI [While philosophers and biologists may debate the meaning of the term 'intelligence', for the purposes of the SETI project intelligence simply means the ability to build large radio telescopes and transmitter of high-powered radio signals or intense laser beams] and NASA's Exobiology Program, which seeks to understand the origin, evolution and distribution of life in the Universe, researchers are about to begin the SETI Microwave Observing Project. radio telescopes around the world which will search for signals produced by other intelligences. There are of course two schools of thoughts about intelligent life out there in the Galaxy, It is argued that life on the planet Earth, and especially intelligent life, is the result of an incredibly unlikely set of circumstances; and there is no intelligent life anywhere else in our Milky Way Galaxy, perhaps none in the entire Universe. But according to the opposing school argument, there are so many stars and planets in the Galaxy that, provided there is even a small chance of intelligence developing on any one planet it must have happened many times on many different planets. Nobody seems to take the middle view, that life is restricted to just a few planets in our Galaxy; either it exists solely on Earth, or there are many inhabited planets. If the SETI project detects just one signal, the implication will be that we are not alone, and that evolutionary biology is an inherent characteristic of certain locations in the Universe - planets like Earth.[1]
What are the requirements for development of life [simple, complex or intelligent] in universe especially in our galaxy Milky Way star’s planets? First of all, let us authors, to compose a list of possible astronomy related requirements for development of life on the planet Earth or if evolved in other worlds of our galaxy the Milky Way
2nd generation stars with heavy elements
* Large planetary family to absorb debris
* Iron core to generate magnetosphere
* Planet massive enough to retain its atmosphere
* Collision with planetoids to create voids in tectonic plates and large moon. [Please see LINK
Spectral type stars: G, late F, early K, a late F or early K type star are also candidates for having life-bearing planets
Stable intensity of star
* Large moon to stabilize rotation because without large moon the rotational axis of the planet will be unstable
* Plate tectonic activity
* Water[ocean] by cometary’s seeding
* Recent nearby nova to clear out interstellar dust
please see LINK
* Time between large impactors for life
* Main sequence star 

please see LINK
* Adequate age for life to evolve
* Orbit within ' the habitable zone
PLease  See links for RR Daniel  books  Concept of Space- as review  in Google book
 concept of space by author  Max Jammer  PDF  as his  reference in E book in page -3

Wednesday, 13 May 2015

Tachyon- Faster than Light Particle Exist in Our Universe or an Imaginary Mathematical Particle published in International . J of Astrophysics, Astronomy and Space science of Open Science group USA , Impact factor -4.9

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[01]Rupak Bhattacharya, Calcutta University, Jadavpur University, West Bengal, India.[02]Pranab Kumar Bhattacharya, Calcutta University, Department of Pathology, Calcutta School of Tropical Medicine, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.[03]Upasana Bhattacharya, Mahamayatala, Garia, Kolkata, India.[04]Ritwik Bhattacharya, Calcutta University, West Bengal, India.[05]Rupsa Bhattacharya, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.[06]Dalia Mukherjee, Calcutta University, West Bengal, India.[07]Oaindrila Mukherjee, Indira Gandhi National Open University.[08]Aiyshi Mukherjee, South Habra, 24 Parganas (North), West Bengal, India.[09]Hindole Banerjee, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.[10]Arunava Das, Quarter NG Campus, Murshidabad Medical College, West Bengal, India.
For the relativistic formula for the kinetic energy, ordinary subatomic particles are confined in an infinite well of velocity of Light [c]. So it may be however considered that Faster than Light Particle (FTL) speed phenomenon may exist in this Universe. On the other hand to day even physicists and particle physicist do not consider that Faster than light particles (FTL) exists. The FTL particle is called “Tachyons” the name coined by G. Feinberg [8] in 1969. There had been many search by various experiments for FTL but most of them showed negative for their existences. It may be that light particles created inside the atomic nuclei which has the nonzero rest mass less than 10-32 kg has the probability of almost unity to transfer into FTL. The electron neutrinos and muon neutrinos also have been observed as FTL state but they have mass and if the rest mass of the neutrinos emitted in proton smashing at speed of light is less than 10-32 then it may be travelling as FTL and there is possibility of existences of Tachyons.
Rest Mass, Faster-than-Light (FTL) Particles, a Zero Rest Mass Particle Possible, Tachyons
[01]Rupak Bhattacharya, Professor Pranab kumar Bhattacharya, Miss Upasana Bhattacharya, Ritwik Bhattacharya etal “ Tachyon as an imaginary particle that may move faster than photons in the Universe and yet to be discovered” comment published on September 28, 2011( comments no- 43) of article by author Chad Orzel “ Faster than a specific photon measurement of neutrino velocity with OPERA ditector in CNGS beam” Science blog Uncertain Principals on Sept 24,2011 URL - Scienceblogscom/principles/2011/09/24/faster-than-a-speeding-photon/[02]Tachyon article in Wikipedia URL[03]Per Olof Hulth High Energy Neutrinos from the Cosmos at[04]URL[05]URL[06]Scholf I Chase Do Tachyon exist? ][07]Bilaniuk, Deshpande and Sudarshan et al American j Physics 30;78;1962[08]Gerald Feinberg “on the Possibility of faster than Light particles “ Physics. Rev vol 159; P 1089-1105;1967[09]Bogdan A Jobrescu “ Mass less gauge bosons other then photon” High energy Physics aixiv:hep-ph/0411004; Physics Rev. letter vol 94: p 151802: 2005[10]ALAN CHODOS et al, NULL EXPERIMENTS FOR NEUTRINO MASSES Mod. Phys. Lett. A 07, 467 (1992). DOI:10.1142/S0217732392000422[11]Alfeven.H Rev. mod.physics 37:652;1965 quated in Why There's More Matter Than Antimatter in the Universe[12]Pranab Kumar Bhattacharya and Rupak Bhattacharya “Does the Universe contain also anti galaxies-a myth or reality? Space Light journal vol 4,P7-13;1998[13]Stiegman G Nature journal vol224, yr l969 in Big Bang nucleosynthesis by Schramm, D. N. Journal: In: Cosmic chemical evolution. Proceedings of the 187th Symposium of the International Astronomical Union, held at Kyoto, Japan, 26-30 August 1997. Edited by K. Nomoto and J. W. Truran. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, ISBN 1-4020-0448-6, 2002, p. 1 - 15[14]Dashen R physics Review Vol 87;P345;1s969[15]PAMELA Experiment[16]Adrian Cho OPERA Experiment Neutrinos Travel Faster Than Light, According to One Experiment SCIENCE AAAS 22 September 2011[17]ATLAS Experiment[18]MINOS EXPERIMENT 30th march 2006[19]DONUT Direct Observation of NUTAU T872 Experiment[20]Where Went the Anti matter?
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