- Mr Rupak Bhattacharya-, of residence 7/51 Purbapalli, Sodepur, Dist 24 Parganas(north), Kol-110,West Bengal, India *Professor Pranab kumar Bhattacharya- , Now Professor and Head of department of Pathology, and of WBUHS Calcutta School of Tropical Medicine, C.R avenue; Kolkata-73, West Bengal, India*Miss Upasana Bhattacharya-, only daughter of Prof.PK Bhattacharya ***Mr.Ritwik Bhattacharya , ***Mr Soumyak Bhattacharya of residence7/51 Purbapalli, Sodepur, Dist 24 parganas(north) ,Kolkata-110,WestBengal, India , *** Miss Rupsa Bhattacharya **** Mrs. Dalia Mukherjee , Swamiji Road, South Habra, 24 Parganas(north) West Bengal, India**** Miss Oindrila Mukherjee-Student ,**** Mr. Debasis Mukherjee of Residence Swamiji Road, South Habra, 24 Parganas(north), West Bengal, India*****; Dr. Hriday Ranjan Das Dept of Nephrology, IPGME&R, 244a AJC Bose Road *****Mr. Surajit Sarkar, , Dept of Pathology, IPGME&R, Kolkata-20
. Neutrinos are elementary particles where all neutral counterparts of charged leptons namely the electrons, the muons and Å£ leptons all of which take participation in the weak interactions. Determination of neutrinos particles still remain notoriously difficult from the point of view of experiments and got challenges in the particle physics of highest depth research. At this moment, there is no information of even values of their individual masses. We authors however proposed their value as m1<3ev;ml<190Kev; mj<18.2 Mev may be the mass of different muon nutrinos numbers. It is worth noted that direct detection of VÄ´ was reported in 2006 for the first time only from Fermi laboratories USA. The presence of neutrino oscillation in 2006 march experiment by Fermilab .Direct Observation of NUTAU E872[DONUT] experiment implies existence of distant & non vanishing mass for nuetrino flavors. So neutrinos must have a non-zero mass. For electron neutrinos the mass is 10-6ev. A mass in excess of 1ev would then be significant since neutrinos would then contribute mass than stars( Stars like sun) to the mass density of the universe. The universe would be then closed if the mass of neutrinos would be between 25 and 100 eV. So There were then three types of neutrinos in the Big Bang moment. 1) â€œElectron Neutrinosâ€ had amass of 20ev, 2)â€Muon neutrinosâ€ had a mass of0.5Mev and 3) Tat neutrinosâ€ had a mass of 250 Mev Electron neutrinos constituted about a third of the total number of neutrinos. Most of the neutrinos produced in the interior of the Sun, all of which are electron neutrinos when they are produced, are changed into muon and tau neutrinos by the time they reach the Earth. In the QCD, studies suggest that the primordial universe was dominated by neutrinos of non-zero mass rather then by quarks with itâ€™s colour. A natural scale then emerged determined by maximum distance neutrinos that could stream freely as the universe expanded, before the neutrinos slowed down on account of their mass below the scale of super cluster i.e. galaxies formation. In this neutrinos theory then no pre- existing fluctuation then survived and the first structure then collapsed and formed galaxies
Now the question remain whether there is any particle that moves faster then the speed of photon particles[light particles.?] We authors consider it is possible through another particle called Tachyons Particles. Detected in 1974 by Roger Clay and Ohilip crouch of Adelaide university in Australia. What were these Tachyon particles? Of course the Super string theories, that evolved from spinning string theories, that incorporated supper symmetry and had no Tachyonic ground states. Tachyons are still the mathematical quirk of mathematicians with no physical meaning. Can these tachyons be the missing Neutrinos particles with real zero rest mass? However Einsteinâ€™s equation E=mc2 shows that nothing in this observable universe, can cross the speed of photon[ light particles]. But tachyons have probably that curious property of going faster then the speed of light, as the particle mast loose energy ,unlike other ordinary particles. It is still probably unknown whether within the relativity theory (E=mc2] solutions of Einstein permit also two families of particles to exist -1) which always have a speed less than light and 2) other which always have speed greater than the light. If it permits the second one, then the later particle must be tachyons or a kind of neutrinos whom we do not know or call missing neutrinos with zero mass. If tachyons really exist then many of our normal physical laws, laws of this universe are to be reversed.
The standard description of two families of particles allowed by Einstein equations follows fro the requirement that the total energy of a particle is given by a formula ------M0C2(1-(v/c)2)1/2
The key point being that taking the square root (half Power) introduces two families of solutions. For zero velocity, of course the expression reduces to mc2. Square root of negative numbers although allows mathematically do not have physical significance and the obvious interpretations of this expression to give real total energies is the term(1-(v/c)2, must therefore be positive or at least zero so that â€œvâ€ is always less than or equal to and particles never travel faster than light. But there may be other ways to think also. Possibility with imaginary mass(where I is the square root of -1). In that case the situation will be reversed and in order to obtain a real energy we must take another square root of a negative number in order that the imaginary . â€œIâ€s multiply out to-1. In other words for imaginary masses â€œvâ€ must exceed â€œcâ€, so that (i-v/c)2) is always negative. This is the origin of Tachyon
But suppose we allow â€œvâ€ to exceed c while maintain the real mass â€œmâ€. Now we are taken into very strong realms-the imaginary part of space time. Might we consider a tachyon particle with imaginary mass moving through he real part of space time at a speed greater than that of light. Tachyons can then provide the link between past and future and time travel.
Sd/ Professor Pranab Kumar Bhattacharya WBMES