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Monday, 13 October 2014

The Nobel peace prize 2014-Peace for peace or something else behind?

 The Nobel peace prize-2014-Peace prize for peace or something else behind the curtain?
By
Professor(Dr.) Pranab kumar Bhattacharya MD(Calcutta University).FIC Path(India)
Presently Professor and Head Department of Pathology, At Calcutta School of Tropical Medicine , 108, C.R Avenue, Kolkata-700073; West Bengal, India, Member & Member Secretary of Board of studies for UG,PG and DCP courses of West Bengal university of Health Sciences DD 36, salt lake city Kolkata-61 West Bengal , India
Telephone- 033- 9231510435(mobile)

The Nobel Peace prize is “the best “of all Nobel Prizes awarded and the last “Nobel Prize”  awarded  by the Nobel foundation in a year .So far, since 1901 to 2014 total 95  Nobel Peace prize have  been awarded  to 103 individuals and 25 organizations thus  total 128 prizes .   It  was not  however awarded on 19 occasions also: in  years 1914-1916, 1918, 1923, 1924, 1928, 1932, 1939-1943, 1948, 1955-1956, 1966-1967 and 1972. Nobel Peace prize is awarded to an individual or maximum two persons or organization for last 113 years with  positive merit and credibility or contribution  of  person/persons or organizations succeeded in bringing peace in global  and international community or for mankind. In the Will of Alfred Bernhard Nobel  executed at Paris, on 27 November, 1895 for the Peace Prize it is said “...and one part to the person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses” and as per his will the  Nobel Peace Prize is awarded by a committee of five persons of Norwegian Nobel Institute ,Oslo,  who are chosen by the Norwegian Storting (Parliament of Norway) from the nominees in a year .

 

But to me, how far this  very “Nobel Peace prize” had brought Peace and fraternity between nations, to global intellectuals and political community, eliminating  wars between nations, abolishing or reducing army  or deadly weapons in nations ,eliminating hunger, poverty and establishing a world with peace and harmony, wealth and prosperity? I think  it never succeeded  in bringing peace, rather many  of times it was/it is fueled  with controversy from various corners of globe. The Nobel peace prize generated more heat  than  the light that a sense of peace invariably summons up. As for example 2002 Nobel peace Prize for James Earl Jimmi Carter [ Motivation  was for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development"]; when peace prize went to Henry Kissinger( 1973)( however his co winner  Le Duc Tho declined to receive the prize)  as a harbinger of peace in Vietnam (two members left the Nobel Committee in protest of his prize)  or to Barack Obama in 2009 or 2012 Nobel peace prize to UN?(Motivation was- .for over six decades contributed to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe")or 2010 Nobel peace prize when awarded to  Liu Xiaobo ( Motivation- for his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China)also  created a storm in china and its supported countries. My humble questions to  five members selecting committee members “could all these Nobel peace prizes and laureates brought back peace amongst the fighting nations and countries? Could reduce their standing  army and budgets for army or could eliminate hunger or could eliminate poverty ,inequality, or could provide two full stomach meals daily before going to sleep ,could provide education to all children at free of cost up to higher school level at least, in science, art, commerce and technology in open market economy and bazaar economy? Could they provide free health care& cure to all poor needy people in their own countries? Could they provide  food  permanent shelter to needy, to  pavement dwellers to street beggars and destitute  /refugee families and fundamental demands of at last for children’s set up in UN in 1989

 There is only one answer to me “ NO”.

 Rather to day  the cost of living in world, cost of purchasing calorie for a descent living , for education  in school and colleges, health care &cure is increasing  at so much height and it is out of reach to middle class society for global privatization and when  there is minimum job opportunity, and naturally human moral value decreasing  and terrorism increasing globally and behind this terrorism  lies nothing but poverty and extreme poverty, unemployment, unsecured life.Terrorists are created & supported by one country for another country.

 Today to me credibility of Nobel peace prize so comes in big questions  and I do not know what the other people think about this prize. There  is a growing suspicion  that while deciding  on Nobel Prize comes in, specially for Peace Prize the concerned members committee  yields to political  corrections and may even to political lobby and pressure. 


This year 2014 ,the Norwegian Nobel Committee in Oslo probably regards it also important point  for a Hindu( Mr.Kailash Satyarthi-of Vidisha MP , now living in Delhi, India-who was mostly unknown to many Indians for his work on child labour, before he won Nobel Peace Prize-2014) and a Pakistani 17 years old girl(Malala Yousafzai- she was however nominated in 2013  and public craziness was behind her but was not awarded in 2013). The motivation declared by the Norwegian Nobel Committee   “for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education") for their common struggle  for children education and child labour and child slavery( as it is told in the press release for 2014 Nobel peace prize) maintaining Gandhi’s tradition,

Or should I say  that there remain a hyphen  in between the declared words to enjoy bringing the two ever fighting counties India and Pakistan who always fought wars or shadow wars in boarder with each others and  created a big market for selling arms weapons from 1st world  and even today the two countries fighting in the borders killing common people & Soldiers. Military  tensions  between India and Pakistan  have flared up again this year with cross boarder shelling in the dispute region of Kasmir and also  terrorism( where is then fraternity between this two nations and what works these laurels did for it or to stop terrorism?) ”. The committee however mentioned that Mr. Kailash Satyarthi  maintained late Mr. M.K Gandhi( a missing NL-I should say) tradition in his work when Mr. M.K Gandhi was never awarded Nobel Peace Prize in spite of his several 12 nominations (1937,38,39 ,three nominations in 1947 and six nominations in 1948) during his life times and every time evaluation was “NO” with some reasons.So is in case of Gene Sharp of Albert Einstein Institution  in spite of his four tines Nominations(2009,2012,2013,2014) 2012 Nomination was by this author himself

 I also never understood  why Malala Yousafzai  a 17 years old, yet a high school  student for girls in Birmingham, London  exactly did for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses or for global peace or international peace besides showing her courage ,some kinds of lectures in UN for child education( Malala Day) or had meeting with US President Barack Obama, the Queen of England and published a book “ I am Malala” with  Christina Lamb British Journalist who wrote for her in the book her tells of courage against Taliban & love for her father . There are many more girls and boys in rural/sub-urbane/ or slums India, in  rural Pakistan  and in more worst conditions they are fighting for their education in-spite of economic pressure, pressure from their own family to earn or to help in paddy fields or in small scale industries and pressure from society itself. Their courage and  determination remain  always unnoticed  and unrewarded and they never flew away from their hostile environment like Malala from Pakistan to Birmingham London. Then Why not the prize for them? How Miss Malala met the stringent criteria of A. Nobel’s will? . Miss Malala Yousafzai  is  now the youngest Nobel Laureate and before her Australian born  British scientist  in physics  Lawrence Bragg in 1915. In fact what work she had done by this 17 years for peace prize as per will of Alfred Nobel at International national  or in Pakistan her own country on reality besides her courage to face Taliban and Taliban shot her to almost death on way to school and it sheltered her skull?. The Credit of her well being and return back to her life from coma is surely credit of her Doctors and surgeons untiering effort  in Birmingham hospital, London  and all mighty GOD ,not herself.Malala Yousafzai has hardly done any thing to deserve the Nobel Peace Prize.

There may be factors those make selection of  Nobel peace Prize  more difficult than in other fields in which the prize is  now awarded. One issue is of course  bringing peace and harmony  to the world. The issue often impossible to arrive  at a peer group conclusions unless the candidate’s life is totally dedicated like those of Nelson Mandela& Frederik Willem de Klerk awarded in 1993( for their work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime, and for laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa"), Yasser Arafat& Yitzhak Rabin 1994(for their efforts to create peace in the Middle East) Aung San Suu Kyi in 1991(for her non-violent struggle for democracy and human rights") and Mother Teresa in 1979(Leader of Missionaries of Charity, Calcutta& humanitarian work amongst orphans) and second the prize goes under political pressure, political lobby and craziness.

According me, the Prize to Mr.Kailash Satyarthi is some what worthy and though  however he utilized  and high  lighted some kinds of social  challenges  not only in India but globally. The Press release of Nobel peace Prize 2014 saysIt has been calculated that there are 168 million child labourers around the world today.  In 2000 the figure was 78 million higher”. But the problem of Child trafficking &child labor  is the problem of  all poor and poorest countries.  In the poor countries of the world, 60% of the present population is under 25 years of age . Hundreds of millions of children young adults, adolescences,  in the world  are deprived of their childhood, food,  permanent shelter, a health, education, job & employment  and  basic fundamental rights to freedom. In poor and poorest countries  million people goes to bed at night often  with empty stomach  and 72% population in India  in 2014 live in poverty of capacity to purchase calorie less then US $1 per day per capita. And the problem of child labor in focus is thus problem of poverty and unless the poverty is eliminated by employment/job the child labor will persist  and leaders of the world must share my opinion  that behind the veil of poverty is the child labor,child prostitution, AIDS, Tuberculosis, Malnutrition , Malaria, dengue, encephalitis, meningitis Respiratory Tract infections and so far elimination of child labor requires government policy and laws implementation for  compulsory free education from primary to graduate level of universities in country rather promoting private & business minded educational institutes ,providing job to earn to purchase calorie for him/her survival and maintenance family structure so that he/she is not sent for work by family, free quality health care at least to   jobless people, people bellow poverty line , in poverty line and for low socioeconomic class . Most poor families send their child( male or female)  to work to earn money to purchase basic needs of life in towns cities ,in tea stalls, in domestic houses as servant or as maid or as baby keeper or in small scale industries and this is obvious when their parents  are not financially capable of feeding them or giving them a good cloth in winter or send them in schools. At least they would get two times meals what ever it is,  some cloths ,a shelter to sleep  and they would not in that situation die of hunger, starvation & tuberculosis. Government of India brought acts and laws to stop child labor in 2012 in Industrial sectors  & in other hazardous fields and compulsory education(RTE) acts up to class eight standard but did not guaranteed  two full stomach meals every days, neither gave guarantees for calories and providing basic needs  to family members of the poor child. In empty stomach question of education & culture is furze. In India around 50 miilion children still toll in factories & small scale industries.  As a Doctor & Professor of Pathology  at a government  tertiary care hospital  in Kolkata  I know  how many child ,young adults ,adolescent, unemployed  suffers from Tuberculosis, Intestinal worm infestations suffers from malaria, dengue, meningitis and HIV and who actually cares them? The activists? The NGOs or Government hospital doctors-even at death bed?

So a question to my mind unavoidable for 2014 Nobel peace prize-The prize is given to enjoy Hindu and Muslim-that organizers seem to enjoy bringing the two fighting countries for ever together with a hyphen and motive of this prize is some where else- Completely political one. It is not like other Nobel prizes in science, literature or economics based on merit of work

 see comments published by Professor Dr Pranab kumar Bhattacharya   on peace Nobel prize at Wall Street Journal-click on link bellow 

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  Sd/  Professor Pranab Kumar Bhattacharya  MD(Calcutta Univ) Professor and Head, Department of Pathology , School of Tropical  Medicine, Kolkata-700073

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