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Monday, 5 March 2012

LHC experiment-in November 2009, will it result end of this Planet by a black hole?


Mr. Rupak Bhattacharya-Bsc(cal), Msc(JU), 7/51 Purbapalli, Sodepur, Dist 24 Parganas(north) Kol-110,West Bengal,India**Professor Pranab kumar Bhattacharya- MD(cal) FIC Path(Ind), Professor of Pathology, Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education & Research,244 a AJC Bose Road, Kolkata-20, West Bengal, India***Mr.Ritwik Bhattacharya Purbapalli, Sodepur, Dist 24 parganas(north) ,Kolkata-110,WestBengal, India****Miss Upasana Bhattacharya- Student, Mahamayatala, Garia, kol-86,daughter of Prof.PK Bhattacharya**** Mrs. Dalia Mukherjee BA(hons) Cal, Swamiji Road, South Habra, 24 Parganas(north) West Bengal, India**** Miss Aindrila Mukherjee-Student ,Swamiji Road, South Habra, 24 Parganas(north), West Bengal, India**** Dr. Srabani Chakraborty MD(cal) Asst. Professor Pathology, IPGMER, Kol-20 Mrs. Chandrani Dutta Bsc(zoology) ****Dr. Debasis Chakraborty MD(cal) Pathology, Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education & Research,244 a AJC Bose Road, Kolkata-20, West Bengal, India 

To the Editor, 
The Science 
Any powerful particle accelerator of todays has probably two main purposes. One purpose is the production of new and newer particles sub-particles and the other is scattering of those particles (in 3-D space). Particle scattering is a method of determining what sub atomic (constituent) particles look like and their properties. It is using the collision of energized particles to give a "snapshot" or clear "picture" of the particle being studied, whether a proton, electron, quarks, sub-quarks or a whole bunch of other interesting particles. The Large Hadron Collider (LHC), which was built at the European Centre for Nuclear Research (CERN) near Geneva, Switzerland, using a 27-kilometre underground ring. The LHC will whiz hadrons( protons), which are far heavier particles than electrons, to energies of up to 14 trillion electron volts[1]. Two beams of subatomic particles called 'hadrons' – either protons or lead ions – will travel in opposite directions inside the circular accelerator, gaining energy with every lap. Physicists will use the LHC machine to recreate the conditions just after the Big Bang, by colliding the two beams head-on at very high energy. Teams of physicists from around the world will analyze the particles created in the collisions using special detectors in a number of experiments dedicated to the LHC[2a]…One of its primary goals will be thus searching for the Standard Model (SM) Higgs particle and the fundamental building blocks of all things. It will revolutionize our understanding, from the minuscule world deep within atoms to the vastness of the Universe . The main SM Higgs boson production mechanism at the LHC will be by gluon-gluon fusion, while the qq!qqH process, or Vector Boson Fusion (VBF), will account for about 20% of the total cross section. Next-to-leading order (NLO) corrections are of major relevance in particular for the gluon-gluon fusion production, with K-factors ranging from 1.7 to 2.0. A review of Higgs production cross sections can be found in. The particle identified in the title is the zero mass particles, and the particle that gave mass in Higgs Field. Professor Peter Higgs actually joked that Lederman originally wished to label this particle as "the goddamn particle or god’s Particle[1]. 
The Higgs particles could be as light as 78 GeV without however being detected at LEP, while detection at the LHC is extremely challenging one the present authors thinks so. However many of the super- and global symmetry partners of the standard model particles should be easily observable at the LHC. Furthermore, the LHC should be able to observe a “wrongâ€? Higgs that is a 300–400 GeV heavy Higgs-like particle with suppressed couplings to W and Z that by itself does not account for electroweak precision observables and the unitarily of WW scattering. At the same time, the true Higgs may be deeply buried in the QCD background. Hopes of finding the Higgs boson are pinned on two massive detectors at the LHC: the ATLAS or A Toroidal LHC apparatus and the CMS or Compact Muon Solenoid. These two detectors have the same goals but their designs are radically dissimilar.  
Some scientists, went to the European Court for Human Rights to try to stop the LH collider being turned on in nov2009[5]. They fear it may create a mini black hole – which would certainly violate our rights by sucking the planet into .The creation of black holes at the Large Hadron Collider is very unlikely according the authors. However, some theories do suggest that the formation of tiny 'quantum' black holes may be possible. Will that energy of Micro Black hole be able even to ignite a bulb even?[4]. The observation of such an micro blackhole would be rather a thrilling in terms of our understanding of the Universe as we do feel; it would also be perfectly safe. Black holes always form in the space time when certain stars, much larger than our Sun, collapse on themselves at the end of their lives. They concentrate a very large amount of matter in a very small space. They are so dense that the gravity they exert is such that not even light can travel out of them. However there are some published papers, published by CERN itself that black hole may be produced in LHC [2]. The Black hole may grow, and then decay by Hawking Radiation or remnant of it may remain. Growth and decay of black holes possibly produced at the Large Hadron Collider, based on previous studies of black holes in the context of the warped brane-world scenario. The black hole mass accretion and decay was obtained as a function of time, and the maximum black hole mass is obtained as a function of a critical mass parameter but there will not be any possibility of catastrophic black hole growth to engulf the earth at the LHC.[2] .Though the final phases of the black hole's evaporation are still unknown, the formation of a black hole remnant is a theoretically well expectation.[3] Speculations about black holes at the LHC actually refers to particles produced in the collisions of pairs of protons. These scenarios include large or warped extra dimensions, propagation of matter and gauge degrees of freedom on brane worlds, and a fundamental Planck scale of O(TeV). If the scale of quantum gravity is near TeV we will have a copious production of mini black holes at the Large Hadron Collider. These are microscopic - or quantum - black holes. Scientists are however not at all sure whether any quantum black holes does exist. The creation of a black hole at the LHC will thus confirm theories that our universe is not 4 dimensional (3 space plus 1 time dimensions), but indeed hosts other 10 dimensions too as per string theory. It will be then quite a spectacular philosophical outcome! In the same way that the theory of relativity or of quantum mechanics revolutionized our way of thinking, discovering the existence of extra dimensions would be a major new milestone in our understanding of the Universe.Many people will next start speculating about using these extra dimensions for space and time travel, or as a source of clean energy, and who knows what else. It is rather tempting to compare it to the discovery of magnetism by the Phoenicians who could not foresee that electricity and magnetism would completely reshape modern life... Professor Stephen Hawking had a bet in 2008 for 100 dollars (70 euros) that a mega-experiment this week will not find an elusive particle seen as a holy grail of cosmic science. Rather the experiment could discover super partners, particles that would be "super symmetric partners" to particles already known about. Their existence would be a however key confirmation of string theory, and they could make up the mysterious dark matter that holds galaxies together. Prof. Hawkings told in 2008 in a meeting with BBC.Raveling the zero mass particle and Higgs particles responsible for mass of all particles in the universe will of course award Professor Peter Higgs a Nobel prize for physics we belief, who told about Higgs feild it in 1964[4]. 
1] Rupak Bhattacharya, Professor Pranab kumar Bhattacharya, Ritwik Bhattacharya ,Upasana Bhattacharya, Aindrila Mukherjee, Srabani Chakraborty, Chandrani Dutta etal “Can the LHC Experiment will prove the existence of Sub2quark particles, a Zero mass particles or Higgs Particle and there antiparticles?â€? comments no 1 of 9 comments published on Nov3 2009 for the article “ God Machineâ€? Critics to UN: experiment an Affront to Human Right By Daniel Clery at Science Policy Blog ScienceInsider, Science, November 2,2009 
2] Casadio, Roberto ; Fabi, Sergio ; Harms, Benjamin “On the Possibility of Catastrophic Black Hole Growth in the Warped Brane-World Scenario at the LHCâ€? CERN 21 Jan 2009 arXiv:0901.2948 
2a] “The Large Hadron Collider Our understanding of the Universe is about to changeâ€? CERN Europian Organization for Nuclear Research - The Large Hadron Collider.htm 
3] Koch, B ; Bleicher, M ; Hossenfelder, S “Black Hole Remnants at the LHCâ€?J. High Energy Phys. 10 (2005) 053 
4] Professor Pranab Kumar Bhattacharya, IPGMER Kolkata,W.B, India Liz Wager on the Large Hadron Collider - a qualified success? BMJ Group blogs BMJ 10th Sep,20 08 | by BMJ Group 
5] News of the Week from the Science Policy Blog “ScienceInsider�: Science, 6 November 2009:Vol. 326. no. 5954, p. 783;DOI: 10.1126/science.326_783b

see the links of publication at science insider of AAAS as comments

God Machine" Critics to U.N.: Experiment an Affront to Human Rights